When the Moon Split

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What can be a better read than the Prophet’s (PBUH) biography? The Holy Prophet (PBUH) is one of the greatest gifts from Allah Almighty for the entire Universe. Allah has called the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) His blessing for the people. He said in the Holy Quran:

لَقَدۡ مَنَّ ٱللَّهُ عَلَى ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنِینَ إِذۡ بَعَثَ فِیهِمۡ رَسُولࣰا مِّنۡ أَنفُسِهِمۡ یَتۡلُوا۟ عَلَیۡهِمۡ ءَایَـٰتِهِۦ وَیُزَكِّیهِمۡ وَیُعَلِّمُهُمُ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبَ وَٱلۡحِكۡمَةَ وَإِن كَانُوا۟ مِن قَبۡلُ لَفِی ضَلَـٰلࣲ مُّبِینٍ

Indeed, Allah has done the believers a great favour by raising a messenger from among them—reciting to them His revelations, purifying them, and teaching them the Book and wisdom. For indeed they had previously been clearly astray.

(آل عمران: 164)

The Prophet (PBUH) was sent to this world in order to break the customs and traditions of the pre-Islamic era and make the religion of Islam exactly as it was brought by Ibraaheem (AS). The Prophet (PBUH) came to fulfill this religion but it was very strange that his prophethood was already mentioned in many of the previous divine books. Not just him but his companions were also mentioned.

From the study of Islamic history and seerah books on Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) life, we know that Sayyadina Salman Farsi’s journey of migration and faith, cannot be ignored in any way. Until the time he came to Madinah, he lived a life of slavery in different parts of the country and used to hear about the arrival of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) from the priests there. When he was informed of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH), he reached Him and asked Him, “Are you really the Messenger of Allah?” Then he fulfilled the three signs that were mentioned in the Torah and the Gospel with reference to the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). When those signs were fulfilled, they believed in him.

This wasn’t simply the story of Sayyadina Salman Farsi, but it also marked the history of that period. The arrival of the last Prophet was eagerly awaited by the true believers at that time. This fact has been mentioned in multiple books written on the life of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). As Allah Almighty says in the Holy Quran (البقرة: 146). Both the Jews and Christian were eagerly awaiting the Prophet (PBUH) arrival and proudly said that when He (Muhammad (PBUH)) would come He would free us from all kinds of humiliation.

Then Allah, the Exalted, sent Muhammad (PBUH) as His Messenger and a mercy not only for human beings but for all creatures. as He said:

وَمَاۤ أَرۡسَلۡنَـٰكَ إِلَّا رَحۡمَةࣰ لِّلۡعَـٰلَمِینَ

We have sent you O Prophet only as a mercy for the whole world.

(الأنبياء: 107)

The Holy Prophet (PBUH) was sent as a mercy for the people as he led people out of ignorance and set an ideal example that would last till the end of times. He not only had the ideal character but set practical examples of Islam which also made him the best teacher for mankind. Islam and people flourished when people followed the life of the Prophet (PBUH) but Islamic history fell into a deep pit of humiliation when people abandoned His teachings. In this day and age once again we have strayed away from the teachings of Islam and this era too demands us to follow the Seerah and teachings of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). 

Darussalam has done a very distinguished job in this regard by publishing the book When the Moon Split to encourage people to learn about the true essence and teachings of Islam.

There are countless books on the Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH)  life including publications by non- Muslims scholars on the subject of the Holy Prophet’s (PBUH) teachings.



The important aspect of writing a biography is to mention authentic events with credible references to maintain its authenticity.

The art of writing a biography is not so easy and can not be accomplished by every author or scholar. This field is usually left to the senior scholars. This book When the Moon Split is written by the late Indian scholar Sheikh Safi ur Rahman Mubarakpuri who was not only a senior biographer but also a senior interpreter of Ahadith and the author of many other Islamic books like “The Sealed Nectar”. He won the 1st prize in the International Seerah competition which was held under the supervision of Rabita al Alam al Islami, in Saudi Arabia.

So, read this book to delve into the history of Islam and understand the Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) life from his birth and youth till the end of his days.

Extract 01: Take a look at this extract on the character of Muhammad (PBUH) and his personality before prophethood.

Muhammad’s character before prophethood

From childhood, Muhammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) was exceptionally intelligent and chaste and was highly regarded for his honesty, valor, justice, piety, patience, modesty, loyalty and hospitality. Abu Talib described his beloved nephew in the following words:

“He is fair and handsome. From his face, mercy falls like rain. He is a shelter for the orphan and a protector of widows.”

The book covers all stages of His (PBUH) life and covers a wide range of topics. Take a look at the table of content to get a better idea of the subject matter of the book.

Table of Contents

  1. Publisher’s note
  2. From the author
  3. Preface
  4. Chapter 1: Early life of Rasulullah (Peace be upon Him)
  5. The Prophet Muhammad’s Ancestors
  6. The Prophet’s tribe
  7. Lineage
  8. Muhammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) is born
  9. Foster Brothers
  10. In the care of Haleemah Sa’diya
  11. Haleemah’s house is unexpectedly blessed
  12. Haleemah asks to keep Muhammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) longer
  13. Muhammad’s chest is opened
  14. Muhammad’s time with his mother
  15. A grandfather’s affection
  16. Under his uncle’s care
  17. Bahira’s warning
  18. Lessons and Morals from the Early Life of Rasulullah
  19. Questions

*Complete table of contents is mentioned at the end of the blog

The aspect which a reader of Seerah should follow is to make sense of the biography according to the conceptions of the pre-Islamic era and especially the religion of the Prophet Ibrahim (AS) because it is directly linked to his religion, culture and traditions from which the religions of the Jews and Christians have also been derived. The content of this book is based on those concepts.

The people of that time were bitter enemies of each other. They considered it trivial to kill others for their own benefit. They buried their young daughters alive. Theft, adultery, drunken murder and vandalism was enrooted in their culture. Dozens of battles were fought over a trivial matter that lasted for generations. 

These people were traders by nature and although they were well versed in the art of trade, they held no distinction between halal and haram. They knew how to fulfil a promise, but they had forgotten the promise of Allah. Oppression was common. Among all evils, their kind deeds were also astray. They were generous but their generosity did not align with the word of Allah.

 The society was in a deplorable state and Allah sent the Prophet (PBUH) to bring them to the right path, and although the people felt that his teachings were strange and even they could not deny the universal nature of Islam. Its teachings were applicable to every human and no one could present a better religion in comparison to it. However the spread of Islam in the life of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) did not come easy and Islam was rejected in the beginning, it will be rejected in the end as well, as the Prophet (PBUH) said that Islam was a stranger in the beginning and it will end in a strangeness:

بَدَأَ الإسْلامُ غَرِيبًا، وَسَيَعُودُ كما بَدَأَ غَرِيبًا، فَطُوبى لِلْغُرَباءِ

Islam initiated as something strange, and it would revert to its (old position) of being strange. so good tidings for the stranger.

(صحيح مسلم: 145)

The rejection of Islam has been depicted in the book in the following words.

Extract 02: The rejection of Islam

The polytheists demand a sign

The Makkan pagans had been shown many signs that confirmed the truthfulness of Muhammad’s claim to be a prophet, but they ignored them all. Although they were not prepared to accept any further signs, they demanded that Muhammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) show them clear proof from Allah that he was indeed a messenger. Their intention of course was simply to humiliate him before the people.

One day the pagans were assembled at the Ka‘bah and sent for the Prophet. The Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) hurried to meet them, thinking that they wished to discuss the possibility of entering Islam. He sat down with them to hear the same demands they had made before: “Muhammad, you tell us that the prophets had signs: Musa [Moses] had a miraculous staff, Saleh had a camel, and Isa [Jesus] resurrected the dead. The prophets of yore came with clear signs. We want you to also show us something to confirm that you are like them.”

Prophets, the Quraysh thought, should have the power to perform miracles at will. They did not understand that Allah performed these miracles through His prophets.

Deaf, dumb, and blind, as Allah characterizes them in the Qur’an, the disbelievers refused to see the numerous signs of Allah manifest in His creation and in the Qur’an. Instead, they wanted to see flamboyant acts of sorcery. Accordingly, they asked the Prophet it to do any of the following: turn Mount Safa into a mountain of gold, carry the mountains somewhere else and change the surrounding area into a wide valley, cause a spring to gush forth, or bring back to life their ancestors so that they could testify that Muhammad (PBUH) was truly a prophet.

One of the best things about this book on the life of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is that it includes questions and lessons at the end of each chapter. Reviewing these is a great way to review the contents of the chapter and increase retention. Grab the book today and give it a read for yourself. Let us know your opinion of the book in the comments below.

Interested in similar books? Take a look at these books.

  1. Chapter 2: Rasulullah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) as a Young Adult until Prophethood
  2. The battle of Fijar
  3. Hilf Al-Fudool
  4. Choosing a profession
  5. Journey to Syria on business for Khadeejah
  6. Marriage to Khadeejah
  7. Dispute over the Black Stone
  8. Muhammad’s character before prophethood
  9. Rasulullah as a young Adult until prophethood
  10. Prelude to Prophethood
  11. Lessons and Morals from Rasulullah as a Young Adult Until prophethood
  12. Questions
  13. Chapter 3: Revelation and the First Phase of Prophethood
  14. The first revelation
  15. Revelation and the first phase of prophethood
  16. A hiatus
  17. The mission begins
  18. The first believers
  19. Worship and training of the believers
  20. Lessons and Morals from the Revelation and the first Phase of Prophethood
  21. Questions
  22. Chapter 4: The Beginning of the Open call to Islam
  23. Open propagation of Islam
  24. A warning from atop Mount Safa
  25. The Quraysh warn pilgrims
  26. Various strategies against Islam
  27. Ridicule, contempt and mockery
  28. Diversions
  29. Propaganda
  30. Argument and quibbling
  31. Lessons and Morals from the beginning of the Open Call of Islam
  32. Questions
  33. Chapter 5: Persecution of the Muslim’s Begins
  34. Persecution begins
  35. Polytheists avoid openly abusing the Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him)
  36. Talks between Abu Talib and the Quraysh
  37. The Quraysh challenge Abu Talib
  38. The Quraysh make Abu Talib a strange proposal
  39. Persecution of the Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him)
  40. Dar Al-Arqam
  41. Lessons and Morals from the Persecution of the Muslim Begins
  42. Questions
  43. Chapter 6: Hejirah to Abyssinia
  44. Migration to Abyssinia
  45. Polytheists prostrate along with Muslims
  46. Return of the immigrants
  47. Second migration to Abyssinia
  48. Quraysh attempt to extradite Muslims
  49. Polytheists are outraged
  50. More persecution of the Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him)
  51. Lessons and Morals from the Hijirah to Abyssinia
  52. Questions
  53. Chapter 7: Hamza (R.A) and Umar (R.A) Enter Islam
  54. Hamzah bin Abdul Muttalib embraces Islam
  55. Umar bin Al-Khattab accepts Islam
  56. The polytheists react to Umar’s conversion
  57. Umar’s conversion strengthens Islam
  58. Lessons and Morals from the Hamza R.A and Umar R.A Enter Islam
  59. Questions
  60. Chapter 8: The Quraish Attempt to Negotiate with Rasulullah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him)
  61. An offer no ordinary man could refuse
  62. Bargaining and renunciation
  63. Hastening on the punishment
  64. Lessons and Morals from the Quraish Attempt to Negotiate With Rasulullah
  65. Questions
  66. Chapter 9: The Boycott
  67. Total boycott
  68. Boycott ends
  69. The Quraysh petition Abu Talib
  70. Lessons and Morals from the Boycott
  71. Questions
  72. Chapter 10: The Year of Sorrow and the Prophet’s Visit to Ta’if
  73. The year of sorrow
  74. Khadeejah (May Allah be pleased with her) dies
  75. Sorrow after sorrow
  76. The Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) marries Saudah and then Aishah
  77. The Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) journeys to Ta’if
  78. The polytheists demand a sign
  79. The moon splits in half
  80. Lessons and Morals from the year of sorrow and the prophet’s visit to Ta’if
  81. Questions
  82. Chapter 11: The Israa and the Miraaj
  83. The Night Journey and Ascension
  84. Various tribes are invited to Islam
  85. Lessons and Morals from Israa and the Miraaj
  86. Questions
  87. Chapter 12: Six Pilgrims from Yathrib
  88. Seeds of faith sprout outside Makkah
  89. Suwayd bin Samit
  90. Ayas bin Mu’adh
  91. Abu Dhar Ghifari
  92. Tufayl bin Amr Dausi
  93. Dhimad Azdi
  94. Six pilgrims from Yathrib
  95. First pledge of Aqabah
  96. Islam spreads in Yathrib
  97. The second pledge of Aqabah
  98. Twelve chiefs
  99. Lessons and Morals from the six pilgrims from yathrib
  100. Questions
  101. Chapter 13: Hejirah to Madinah
  102. The Muslims migrate to Madinah
  103. The council of Dar al-Nadwah
  104. Jibreel (A.S) brings the Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) happy news
  105. The Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) leaves home
  106. Three nights in the cave
  107. On the way to Madinah
  108. Arrival in Qubaa
  109. The Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) enters Madinah
  110. Ali migrates
  111. The Prophet’s family migrates
  112. Suhayb migrates
  113. Muslims in Makkah
  114. Lessons and Morals from the Hejirah to Madinah
  115. Questions
  116. Chapter 14: Life in Madinah after the Hejirah
  117. Difficulties in Madinah
  118. The Prophet’s Mosque
  119. The call to prayer
  120. Brotherhood between the Muhajireen and the Ansar
  121. Islamic community
  122. The Quraysh test the Muslims’ resolve
  123. Lessons and Morals from Life in Madinah after the Hejirah
  124. Questions
  125. Chapter 15: Legislation of Jihad
  126. Permission to fight
  127. Military expeditions (Saraya and Ghazawat)
  128. A new Qiblah
  129. Lessons and Morals from the legislation of jihad
  130. Questions
  131. Chapter 16: The Great Battle of Badr
  132. The Battle of Badr
  133. Challenge to single combat
  134. The Battle of Badr begins
  135. Abu Jahl killed
  136. Day of Distinction
  137. News of Badr reaches Makkah and Madinah
  138. Return to Madinah
  139. The captives
  140. Ruqayyah dies and Uthman marries Umm Kulthoom
  141. Lessons and Morals from the Great Battle of Badr
  142. Question
  143. Chapter 17: The Time between the Battle of Badr and the Battle of Uhud
  144. Events after Badr
  145. Expedition against Banu Qaynuqa
  146. Expedition of Saweeq
  147. Ka‘b bin Ashraf is killed
  148. The Sariyya of Qardah
  149. Lessons and Morals from the time between the Battle of Badr and the battle of Uhud
  150. Questions
  151. Chapter 18: The Battle of Uhud
  152. The battle of uhud
  153. Fighting begins
  154. The Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) is rumored dead
  155. Plight of the encircled Muslims
  156. In the ravine
  157. Dialogue and resolution
  158. The Muslims tend to their own
  159. Back to Madinah
  160. The expedition of Hamra Al-Asad
  161. Lessons and Morals from the Battle of Uhud
  162. Questions
  163. Chapter 19: After the Battle of Uhud
  164. Incidents and expeditions
  165. The incident of Raj’i
  166. The tragedy at Bir Ma‘una
  167. Expedition against Banu Nadir
  168. An appointment at Badr
  169. Lessons and Morals from the after the Battle of Uhud
  170. Questions
  171. Chapter 20: The Battle of the Trench
  172. The Battle of the Trench
  173. Digging the trench
  174. Across the trench
  175. Banu Quraydha’s treachery
  176. The coalition splits and the battle ends
  177. Battle of Banu Quraydha
  178. Lessons and Morals from the battle of the trench
  179. Questions
  180. 11. Who judged them and what was his judgment?
  181. Chapter 21: After the battle of the Trench
  182. Abu Rafi Sallam Bin Abul Huqayq is killed
  183. The chief of Yamamah is captured
  184. Expedition of Banu Lihyan
  185. Abul Aas accepts Islam
  186. The expedition of Banu Al-Mustaliq or Muraysi
  187. The slander against Aishah, Mother of the believers
  188. Lessons and Morals from the After the Battle of the Trench
  189. Questions
  190. Chapter 22: The Treaty of Hudaybia
  191. Departure for Umrah and arrival at Hudaybia
  192. Negotiations between the Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) and the Quraysh
  193. Uthman’s mission and the pledge of Ridwan
  194. A treaty is concluded
  195. The Muslims’ dejection over the truce
  196. The issue of Muhajir women
  197. The Muslims in Makkah are freed
  198. Effects of the truce
  199. The Prophet’s letters to Monarchs and Potentates
  200. Lessons and Morals
  201. Questions
  202. Chapter: 23 Invitation to King and Rulers
  203. Letter to the king of Abyssinia
  204. Letter to Muqauqis, king of Alexandria and Egypt
  205. Letter to Chosroes (Khusro Pervez), the king of Persia
  206. Letter to the Roman Emperor
  207. Letter to Harith bin Abu Shammar Ghassani
  208. Letter to the Amir of Basra is intercepted
  209. Letter to Haudha Bin Ali, chief of Yamamah
  210. Letter to the ruler of Bahrain
  211. Letter to the rules of Oman
  212. Expedition of Ghaba or Dhu Qarad
  213. Lessons and Morals
  214. Questions
  215. Chapter 24: The Battle of khaybar
  216. Conquest of Khaybar
  217. The emigrants of Abyssinia return
  218. Division of Khaybar
  219. The Prophet is poisoned
  220. Surrender of the people of Fadak
  221. Wadi Al-Qur a
  222. Reconciliation with the people of Taymaa
  223. The Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) marries Safiyah
  224. The expedition of Dhat Al-Riqa
  225. Lessons and Morals
  226. Questions
  227. Chapter: 25 after Khaybar
  228. Who will save you now?
  229. Umrah is finally performed
  230. The expedition to Muta
  231. The Mission to Dhat Al-Salasil
  232. Lessons and Morals from the After Khaybar
  233. Questions
  234. Chapter 26: The Conquest of Makkah
  235. The battle for Makkah
  236. On the way to Makkah
  237. Abu Sufyan appears before the Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him)
  238. The Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) enters Makkah
  239. The Ka’bah is purified
  240. Have no fear this day
  241. The Quraysh pledge allegiance
  242. Death for criminals
  243. Prayer of victory
  244. Bilal calls the Adhan from the Ka’bah
  245. The Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) in Makkah
  246. Uzza, Suwa and Manah are destroyed
  247. Khalid is sent to Banu Judhayma
  248. Lessons and Morals from the conquest of Makkah
  249. Questions
  250. Chapter: 27 The battle of Hunayn and Taif
  251. Battle of Hunayn
  252. The polytheists take flight
  253. The battle of Ta’if
  254. The spoils of war
  255. The Ansar’s Complaint
  256. Banu Hawazen petition the Prophet
  257. The Umrah of Je‘rana
  258. Lessons and Morals from the Battle of Hunayn and Ta’if
  259. Questions
  260. Chapter 28: The Expedition of Tabuk
  261. Banu Tameem enter Islam
  262. Mission against Banu Tai
  263. The Muslims prepare to meet the Romans
  264. The expedition to Tabuk
  265. Twenty days in Tabuk
  266. Ukaydir is captured
  267. Return to Madinah
  268. Lessons and Morals from the Expedition of Taboo
  269. Questions
  270. Chapter 29: Return from Tabuk
  271. Demolition of the Hypocrites’ Mosque
  272. The Prophet -M is welcomed back
  273. The case of those who stayed behind
  274. The Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) mourns three deaths
  275. Ghazawat
  276. Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with him) performs Hajj
  277. Lessons and Morals from the Return from Tabuk
  278. Questions
  279. Chapter 30: The Year of the Delegation
  280. The year of delegations
  281. The delegation of Banu Abdul Qays
  282. Damam bin Tha‘laba interrogates the Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him)
  283. The delegations of Adhra and Bala
  284. The delegation of Banu Asad bin Khuzaymah
  285. The delegation of Tujib
  286. The delegation of Banu Fazara
  287. The delegation from Najraan
  288. The delegation from Ta’if
  289. The delegation of Banu Amir bin Sa‘sa‘a
  290. The delegation of Banu Haneefa
  291. The kings of Hamir send an envoy
  292. The delegation of Hamdaan
  293. The delegation of Banu Abdul Madan
  294. Banu Mazhaj accept Islam
  295. The delegation of Azd Shanwah
  296. Dhul Khalasa is destroyed
  297. The rise and fall of Aswad Ansi
  298. Lessons and Morals from the year of the delegations
  299. Questions
  300. Chapter 31: The Farewell Hajj
  301. Hajjatul –Wada’: The Farewell Pilgrimage
  302. Expedition to Palestine
  303. Lessons and Morals from the Farewell Hajj
  304. Questions
  305. Chapter 32: Death of Rasulullah
  306. Signs of the Prophet’s imminent death
  307. The Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) falls ill
  308. Covenant and counseling
  309. Abu Bakr leads Prayer
  310. All for charity
  311. The Prophet’s death draws near
  312. The Prophet dies
  313. Abu Bakr unites the Mourners
  314. Abu Bakr chosen as Khalifah
  315. Funeral rites and burial
  316. Lessons and Morals from the death of Rasulullah
  317. Questions
  318. Chapter 33: The Family of Rasulullah and his description
  319. Mothers of the believers
  320. 1) Khadeejah bint Khuwaylid (May Allah be pleased with her)
  321. 2) Saudah bint Zam’a (May Allah be pleased with her)
  322. 3) Aishah Siddeeqah bint Abu Bakr Siddeeq (May Allah be pleased with her)
  323. 4) Hafsah bint Umar bin Khattab (May Allah be pleased with her)
  324. 5) Zaynab bint Khuzaymah (May Allah be pleased with her)
  325. 6) Umm Salamah, or Hind bint Abu Umayyah (May Allah be pleased with her)
  326. 7) Zaynab bint Jahsh bin Riqab (May Allah be pleased with her)
  327. 8) Juwayriyah bint Al-Harith (May Allah be pleased with her)
  328. 9) Umm Habeebah, or Ramla bint Abi Sufyan (May Allah be pleased with her)
  329. 10) Safiyah bint Huyayy bin Akhtab (May Allah be pleased with her)
  330. 11) Maymoona bint Harith Hilaliya (May Allah be pleased with her)
  331. The Prophet’s children
  332. 1) Qasim
  333. 2) Zaynab
  334. 3) Ruqayyah
  335. 4) Umm Kulthoom
  336. 5) Fatimah
  337. 6) Abdullah
  338. 7) Ibraheem
  339. The Prophet’s features and character
  340. The Prophet’s face
  341. Head, neck and hair
  342. Limbs
  343. Build and stature
  344. Fragrance
  345. The Prophet’s gait
  346. Voice and speech
  347. Character
  348. CONCLUSION
  349. Lessons and Morals from the family of Rasulullah and his descriptions
  350. Questions
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