Now You are a Mother

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Motherhood is one of the most natural things in the world yet most of us are still unsure regarding the responsibilities of a mother.

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Islam is a complete religion that touches upon every aspect of life. It’s the only religion that has left for its believers a complete guidance on life. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) said:

قد تركتكم على البيضاءِ ليلُها كنهارِها

“I am leaving you upon a (path of) brightness whose night is like its day.”

(ابن ماجه: 43)

Islam has never left its followers in any ambiguity about how mothers should raise their children. The guidance in regards to a mother’s duty to her child is to raise the babies as the culture and rules of society but not according to the method of the Jewish and the Christians in order to avoid their resemblance. The only thing which mothers have to follow while raising their child in the light of Islam is to do what is best for them according to the cultures and rules of society but with moderation. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) said, mentioning the importance of daughters:

مَن يَلِي مِن هذِه البَناتِ شيئًا، فأحْسَنَ إلَيْهِنَّ، كُنَّ له سِتْرًا مِنَ النّارِ

“Whoever is in charge of (put to test by) these daughters and treats them generously, then they will act as a shield for him from the (Hell) Fire.”

(صحيح البخاري: 5995)

This Hadith reveals the fact that mothers must do for their babies what is best irrespective of gender.

On, the other hand a mother is also responsible for her children and will be asked about her relationship and behaviour to children by Allah Almighty as the Holy Prophet (PBUH) said:

والمَرْأَةُ راعِيَةٌ على بَيْتِ بَعْلِها ووَلَدِهِ وهي مَسْئُولَةٌ عنْهمْ

“A woman is a guardian of her husband’s house and children and is responsible for them”

(صحيح البخاري: 2554)

The secret behind the importance of mothers lies in the immense responsibility and burden placed on her. The mother’s responsibilities to her child are quite different from that of a man. She has to go through a lot of difficulties which the man doesn’t have to bear. However, the liability does not end at giving birth rather it opens the door to bigger liabilities. She has to nourish and bring up the child under the shade of the teachings of Islam. This is the primary duty of a mother in Islam of a Muslim mother. She has to influence her offspring to act by the teachings of the Quran and Sunnah.  She is the first institution for her children and has a long-lasting impact on her kids. She must inculcate the love of Allah Almighty and Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) from early childhood.

Why does Islam give the mother three levels of good behaviour and a high status? Only because the responsibilities of a mother are great. Hence why a great level of respect and duty is required towards them by children. Take a look at this hadith on the importance and status of mothers.

 جاءَ رَجُلٌ إلى رَسولِ اللَّهِ (PBUH) فَقالَ: يا رَسولَ اللَّهِ، مَن أحَقُّ النّاسِ بحُسْنِ صَحابَتِي؟ قالَ: أُمُّكَ قالَ: ثُمَّ مَنْ؟ قالَ: ثُمَّ أُمُّكَ قالَ: ثُمَّ مَنْ؟ قالَ: ثُمَّ أُمُّكَ قالَ: ثُمَّ مَنْ؟ قالَ: ثُمَّ أبُوكَ

A man came to Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) and said, “O Allah’s Messenger! Who is more entitled to be treated with the best companionship by me?” The Prophet (PBUH) said, “Your mother.” The man said. “Who is next?” The Prophet said, “Your mother.” The man further said, “Who is next?” The Prophet (PBUH) said, “Your mother.” The man asked for the fourth time, “Who is next?” The Prophet (PBUH) said, “Your father.”

(صحیح البخاري: 5971)

The gentleness, love, patience, and care of a mother makes it easy for children to absorb the divine knowledge of Islam. Also, the practical application of a Mother’s Islamic activities helps lead her children on the path of Allah. So if you wish for your children to be practising Muslims, then you must become a practising mother in front of them. You have to recite the Quran in front of kids and make it a constant habit, offer Salah when your children are around, do not be strict or harsh with your kids as it causes them to be rebellious, calm yourself when your children show disobedience and show kindness. Correct them patiently, and always allow some room for blunders and mistakes.

It may be thought that bearing and raising babies is the most natural thing in the world, and indeed all mothers, regardless of background, have the compassion that enables them to care for their children and easily fulfil a mothers responsibility to her child however that may not be the case. As life and education evolves and medical science develops, it has become essential for mothers to learn about the best ways of raising children, protecting them from illness, raising their self-confidence whilst at the same time giving them discipline and instilling in them faith, moral values and sound ethics to deal with this modern world.

The book Now you are a mother is the answer to all these issues, as it serves as a comprehensive guide for mothers on raising their child. In the book, the reader will find an overview of the mother’s duty and role in Islam in the first four years of the child’s life. It also increases awareness of important issues to which parents must pay attention.

The author also highlights some traditional child-rearing practices that are in fact detrimental to the child’s well being and suggests alternatives.

The Islamic dimension is not forgotten either. From the first moment of the infant’s life, Islamic teachings and practice play a prominent role; we see how the new baby is welcomed into the world in the Islamic manner. Raising children to be physically, psychologically and spiritually sound is a complex issue. 

Extract 01: Take a look at this extract that indicates some of the step to be taken after the birth of a baby in Islam

Islamic rulings concerning the newborn

Giving glad tidings

It is mustahabb (“recommended”) to give glad tidings because Allah (st) says:

“But We gave her glad tidings of Ishâq (Isaac), and after Ishâq, of Ya‘qûb (Jacob)” [Hood 11:71].

Reciting the adhaan and iqaamah into the baby’s ears

It is mustahabb to recite the adhaan (“call to prayer”) into the baby’s right ear and the iqaamah (second call to prayer) into his left ear, because of the hadeeth of Abu Raafi‘ who said: I saw the Messenger of Allaah (S.A.W) recite the call to prayer into the ear of al-­‐Hasan ibn ‘Ali when his mother Faatimah bore him.

Tahneek

Tahneek means chewing a date then rubbing the infant’s palate with it, because of the hadeeth in al-­‐Saheehayn narrated by Abu Moosa (R.A) who  said: A  boy was born  to  me; I brought him  to  the Prophet (S.A.W) who named him Ibraaheem and rubbed his palate with a (chewed) date and prayed for blessing for him. Al-­‐Bukhaari added: And he prayed for blessing for him.

Shaving the child’s head and giving the weight of the hair in silver in charity

Because the Prophet (S.A.W) said to Faatimah, when she gave birth to al-­‐Hasan: “Shave his head and give the weight of his hair in silver in charity to the poor.”

Now you are a Mother sets out guidelines for the new mother to help her raise a balanced child who will be an asset to himself, his family and society as a whole.

Mothers must prepare thoroughly for the arrival of their baby, because today we are living in an era of rapid changes and developments. Therefore it is essential to raise a child who is able to keep up to date with modern developments and face those challenges. Hence you have to be aware of everything that has to do with taking care of a child from its birth through the various stages of life, understanding what each stage requires in terms of care, based on modern theories and research.

Now you are a Mother has been written to answer all the questions you (mothers) may have in your mind about postnatal care and raising a child in the light of Islam. It answers common questions that women have after becoming a mother whether it be regards to feeding, dressing, sleeping or just general upbringing. 

Extract 02: Take a look at this extract that highlights the life of a newborn baby and what new mothers should expect right after birth.

Baby’s first cry

The baby’s first cry means that the air passages have begun to function properly; any change therein may be indicative of health problems.

The first cry is the signal that the infant’s respiratory system has made the switch from getting oxygen via the placenta as he did when he was inside the uterus to getting oxygen from the air. In addition to indicating that the infant’s airways are free of blockages, the first cry also indicates that there is no physical defect in the larynx or vocal chords that could affect the child’s breathing or the sound of his voice.

How will your newborn look?

If you are giving birth for the first time, you will be surprised at the way your baby looks. He has a large head with no neck, short legs and a large torso. The head of most newborns may appear somewhat misshapen because on average the infant remains squashed in the birth canal for twelve hours. Babies who are born by Caesarean, on the other hand, usually have a better appearance that distinguishes them from their peers, because their heads have not been squeezed in the birth canal.

Do not worry about the soft spot in your child’s skull, which is called the fontanelle. This allows the head to be squeezed enough to pass through the birth canal. The rear part of the fontanelle remains for approximately 4 months until it is filled in completely, whereas the front part needs between nine and eighteen months to fill in.

You should also expect a kind of swelling in your child’s genitals as a result of the extra dose of female hormones that he received from you just before birth. In addition to his face and eyes being swollen, his lips may be rosy, and his hands and feet may be blue for the first few hours of his life.

There are also sections on child health, sickness and how to deal with accidents (first aid). The author has presented these topics in a simple manner that is easy to understand and follow.

Take a look at the table of contents to get a better idea of all the topics covered in this book.

Table of Contents

Now you are a Mother 1

A Practical and Up-to-Date New Mother’s Handbook 2

From Birth to 4 Years Error! Bookmark not defined.

Preface 3

Introduction 4

Maternal feelings 28

Preparing to welcome the newborn 29

Clothing 30

Hygiene 31

Feeding 32

Preparing the baby’s bedroom 32

Getting around with the baby 32

*Complete table of contents are mentioned at the end of the blog

As seen from the list of contents, the subject matter of the book is very comprehensive. This single book alone provides enough guidance to parents and the responsibilities of a mother to her child. Read the book and let us know what you think in the comments below.

Interested in some similar reads? Take a look at some of our suggestions.

*Complete Table of Contents

Baby’s first cry 32

How will your newborn look? 33

Your baby’s skin 33

Your baby’s hair 34

Your baby’s eyes 34

Eye color 34

Your baby’s mouth and nose 35

Jaundice 36

Types of jaundice 36

Physiological jaundice 36

Pathological jaundice 36

Causes of jaundice 36

Treatment for jaundice 37

Vaccinations 38

Islamic rulings concerning the newborn 40

Giving glad tidings 40

Reciting the adhaan and iqaamah into the baby’s ears 40

Tahneek 41

Shaving the child’s head and giving the weight of the hair in silver in charity 41

Naming the infant 41

Rulings on ‘aqeeqah 41

Timing of the ‘aqeeqah 42

How it is done 42

Conditions of the sacrifice 43

Circumcision of males 43

Circumcision from an Islamic point of view 44

Benefits of male circumcision 44

What is the best time for circumcision? 44

Female circumcision 45

Care of the mother after birth 46

Physical changes in the mother immediately after birth 46

Slight increase in body temperature 46

Slower than normal heartbeat 47

Difficulty in urinating and defecating 47

Changes in the uterus 47

Vaginal discharge (lochia) 48

Your stomach may be flabby and not firm 48

If you have undergone a caesarean section 48

Essential care of the mother after childbirth 48

Taking care of the mother after a Caesarean 49

Do I have to take a bath after giving birth? 51

How many sanitary pads will I need after giving birth? 51

When will monthly periods resume after giving birth? 52

Marital relations after giving birth 53

Is it possible to take birth control pills whilst breastfeeding? . 53 Breastfeeding and your figure 53

What is the best way to lose weight after giving birth? 54

Maintaining your weight 54

Light exercise 54

Developing eating habits that will help maintain your weight and guarantee good health 55

Eating breakfast, the most important meal of the day 55

Starting your lunch with vegetable soup 55

Not eating fats 56

Proper diet for a woman after giving birth 56

Postnatal exercises and the importance thereof 57

Types of exercise that are not recommended during the first few weeks after giving birth 58

Advice to the new mother 58

Exercises to regain your figure 59

Exercises to strengthen the abdominal muscles 59

Pelvic exercises 59

Pelvic floor exercises 59

Pelvic lift 59

Your figure and girdles 60

Emotional care of the mother after giving birth 61

Enjoy your child and overcome any feelings of distress or depression 62

Going back to work 64

When is the right time to go back to work? 64

Taking care of your baby from birth to 3 months 66

Taking care of baby 66

Feeding your baby 67

Breastfeeding 67

Benefits and advantages of breastfeeding 67

The first feeding 69

Advice for the first days of breastfeeding 69

Does my baby need water? 69

Correct position for breastfeeding 70

Latching on 70

Signs that the baby has latched on to the nipple in the proper way 71

How to breastfeed whilst lying down 71

How do I know when my baby has had enough milk? 71

Advice for increasing the milk supply 72

Expressing breast milk 72

Reasons for expressing breast milk 73

How can the mother express milk from her breast? 74

Expressing milk by hand 74

Vacuum pumps 74

Storing expressed breast milk 75

Contraindications for breastfeeding 76

Factors preventing the mother from breastfeeding 76

Factors preventing the infant from breastfeeding 76

Bottle feeding 78

Types of baby formula (artificial milk) 78

Ready-­‐made 78

Liquid concentrate 78

Dried or powdered formula 78

Equipment needed for bottle feeding 79

A few words of advice 79

Sterilizing bottles 80

Sterilising bottles: tried, tested and true method 80

Other methods of sterilizing bottles 81

Preparing bottles 81

Burping 83

Keeping your baby clean 84

Bathing 84

Bathing the baby – step-­‐by-­‐step 85

Cleaning the parts of your baby’s body (sponge bath) 86

Skin 86

Eyes 87

Ears 87

Nose 87

Nails 87

Navel (bellybutton) 87

Diapers (nappies) 88

Disposable diapers 88

Cloth diapers 88

Changing the diaper-­‐1 88

What you will need when changing a diaper 89

Changing the diaper-­‐2 89

Protecting the baby from diaper rash 90

Dressing your baby 91

Tips and tricks for dressing your baby 92

Dressing the baby step-­‐by-­‐step 92

Carrying your baby 93

Common childhood problems 94

High temperature 94

When should I be worried about my baby’s temperature? 94

The most common causes of high temperature in babies 94

Treating high temperature in the infant 95

Heat rash 95

Protection against heat rash 96

How can I treat my child if he has heat rash? 96

Crying 96

HOW MUCH DO BABIES CRY ON AVERAGE? 97

Your baby’s crying: causes and remedies 97

Hunger 97

Pain 98

Temperature 98

Wet diaper 98

Sudden changes 98

Feeling lonely 99

Fear of strangers 99

Colic 99

Causes that may lead to colic 99

How to deal with colic 100

A few words of advice 100

Work out your baby’s problem from the sound of his crying 101 Say No to emotional weaning 103

A few words of advice 105

Sleep 106

Average sleep times of babies 106

Is it better for the mother to sleep next to her child? 107

Where should the newborn baby sleep? 107

Bassinet 107

Crib 108

Safety concerns 108

How to keep the baby safe when he is sleeping 108

Should the baby sleep on his back or on his tummy? 109

Do babies dream? 109

Should I leave my baby to cry on his own until he goes to sleep? 109

How will I know when my baby feels sleepy and that he is ready to go to sleep? 110

Types of sleep and waking in newborns 111

Deep, peaceful sleep 111

Active sleep 111

Drowsiness 111

Waking up calmly 111

Waking up energetically 112

Waking up upset 112

Encouraging your baby to develop good sleep habits 112

Is it possible to train my baby to differentiate between night and day? 113

Dealing with sleep disturbances in babies 114

Temperature in the bedroom 114

Is the baby afraid of the dark? 114

Some babies are bothered by excessive light in the bedroom, especially sunlight in the morning 114

Noise near the baby 115

Diaper 115

Check whether the baby’s clothes are comfortable or not 115

Make sure that the baby’s crying is not due to hunger 115

Massaging your baby 115

How to deal with early waking 116

Child development from birth to 3 months 117

Physical development 117

Rate of weight gain 117

Growth in length/height 117

Pattern of developmental milestones 118

Growth charts for girls 118

Growth charts for boys 119

The first month 120

Physical development 120

Linguistic development 121

Social-­‐emotional development 121

The second month 121

Physical development 121

Social-­‐emotional development 122

Linguistic development 123

The third month 123

Physical development 123

Social-­‐emotional development (“Hello, I’m here!”) 123

Linguistic development 124

Baby from 4 to 6 months 125

Feeding your baby 125

Introducing solid food 125

A few words of advice 126

When should I start to add some solid food along with breast milk? 126

Introducing solid food 127

A few words of advice 128

Foods that must be avoided during this period 129

What is an antigen-­‐antibody reaction? 130

Does solid food change the baby’s stools? 131

How can I give my baby more kinds of solid food? 131

Feeding your baby in the fifth and six months 132

Feeding your baby in the sixth month 133

Development of the baby from 4 to 6 months 134

Four months old 134

Social-­‐emotional development 134

Linguistic development 135

Five months old 135

Physical development 135

Social-­‐emotional development 136

Linguistic development 136

Six months old 136

Physical development 136

Social-­‐emotional development 137

Linguistic development 137

Your baby from 7 to 12 months 137

Nutrition in the seventh and eighth months 137

Examples of ideal foods in the seventh and eighth months 138

Cereals 138

Vegetables 139

Fruits 139

How can I help my baby sleep peacefully and comfortably? 140

Crying 141

General changes at this stage 142

(7-­‐12 months) 142

Teething 142

Common signs of teething 143

Taking care of the baby’s teeth during and after the teething stage 143

Do pacifiers and teething rings help with teething? 144

Finger sucking 144

Reducing the pain of teething 145

When will my baby start remembering things? 146

Child development 7 to 12 months 148

The seventh month 148

Physical development 148

Social-­‐emotional development 148

Linguistic development 148

The eighth month 148

Physical development 148

Linguistic development 149

Social-­‐emotional development 149

The ninth month 150

Physical development 150

Linguistic development 151

Social-­‐emotional development 151

The tenth month 151

Physical development 151

Linguistic development 152

Social-­‐emotional development 152

The eleventh month 152

Physical development 152

Linguistic development 153

Social-­‐emotional development 153

The twelfth month 154

Physical development 154

Linguistic development 154

Social-­‐emotional development 155

Keeping your child safe 156

Necessary measures to keep your child safe 156

Keeping your baby safe in the kitchen 156

Keeping your baby safe in the bathroom 157

Safety measures in the bathroom 158

Keeping your baby safe in the bedroom 158

Keeping your baby safe in the house: general tips 160

Keeping your baby safe in the car 162

Important note for fathers and mothers 163

Keeping children safe when taking them outside 163

Your baby from one to two years old 165

Feeding your child 165

When is the right time to stop breastfeeding? 165

Taking care of milk teeth 167

Causes of cavities in milk teeth 167

Protection against cavities in milk teeth 167

When should the child move from the crib to a bed? 169

Pampering the child 169

Pampering the baby in the first few months of life 169

Pampering the baby once he is past the age of 6 to 9 months

…………………………………………………………………………………..     170

Common problems in children at this stage – prevention and cure

………………………………………………………………………………………     172

Aggression in children – causes and remedy 172

Causes of aggression in children 172

Family disputes 172

Watching violent scenes on television 172

Differences in the way children in the same family are treated

…………………………………………………………………………………..     173

Parent’s ignorance of proper methods of raising children 173

Ways of dealing with aggression 173

Stubbornness in children – causes and remedy 175

Kinds of stubbornness in children 175

Fear in children – causes and remedy 177

Types of fear in children 177

Causes of fear in children 178

Dealing with fears in children 179

Jealousy in children – causes and remedy 181

Most important manifestations of jealousy in children 181

Causes of jealousy in children 181

Types of jealousy in children 182

Dealing with jealousy in children 182

Bedwetting – causes and remedy 184

Causes of bedwetting 184

Physical causes 184

Psychological causes 184

Prevention and cure 185

Delay in speaking – causes and remedy 187

Prevention and cure 188

Stuttering – causes and remedy 190

Causes of stuttering 190

Prevention and cure 190

Delay in walking 192

Causes of that include the following 192

Is there a remedy for delay in walking? 193

Will the baby walker help my child to walk? 194

Bowleggedness 195

Causes that may lead to bowleggedness 195

Physiological causes 195

Non-­‐physiological causes 195

Manners and etiquette 196

Manners and etiquette that you should teach your child 196

Table manners 196

Etiquette of greeting (salaam) 198

Etiquette of sneezing 199

Etiquette of yawning 199

Toilet training 201

What is the right age for my child to start using the toilet? 201

Step-­‐by-­‐step guide to toilet training 201

Child development from 13 to 15 months 204

Physical development 204

Linguistic development 204

Social-­‐emotional development 205

Child development from 16 to 18 months 207

Physical development 207

Linguistic development 207

Social-­‐emotional development 207

Child development from 19 to 24 months 209

Physical development 209

Linguistic development 209

Social-­‐emotional development 209

The Prophet (S.A.W) and children 212

Stories that highlight the attitude of the Prophet (S.A.W) towards children 212

Compassion of the Prophet (S.A.W) towards children 213

The Prophet’s teaching: Treating children fairly 215

The Prophet’s joking with children 215

The Prophet’s playing with children 216

Teaching children to have confidence in themselves and shoulder responsibility 218

The Prophet visiting children when they were sick 218

The Prophet’s love and concern for children 218

How the Prophet (S.A.W) corrected children’s mistakes 219

The Prophet’s attitude towards orphans 219

Teaching children the etiquette of asking permission to enter a room 219

The Messenger (S.A.W) teaches youngsters to lower their gaze

…………………………………………………………………………………..     220

The Prophet’s concern to teach children about their religion

…………………………………………………………………………………..     220

Children and television 221

Negative effects of watching television 221

Advice to help turn the television from being a destructive force to being something beneficial to children 223

Unacceptable behaviour in the family 225

Smoking 225

Arguments between the parents in front of the children 226

The solution to all of that is as follows 227

Hitting children 228

Things that can reduce smacking of children 230

Insulting or swearing at children 231

Play 231

Types of play 232

Benefits of play 232

Developing the child’s skills through play 235

Make-­‐believe and expressive games 235

Roles that the child can play 235

Artistic play 235

Constructive play 236

Cognitive play 237

Active play 237

Examples of fun and educational games for children 239

Games that the child can play in the first year of life 239

Problem-­‐solving game 239

Eating with a spoon 239

Suspended toys or mobiles 240

“Musical gloves” 240

Bathtub toys 240

Peek-­‐a-­‐boo 240

Games for children over the age of one year 241

Walking games 241

Building games 241

Shape sorting games 241

Dominoes 241

Telling colors apart 242

Games to develop the sense of hearing 242

Acting games 242

Sheep, camel, bear, giraffe 242

“Simon says” 243

Memory game 243

How many names can you come up with? 243

Will it fly or not? 243

Matching 244

Who or what is this? 245

Active play 246

Spontaneous play 246

Racing 246

Riding bikes 246

Pushing and pulling toys 246

Drawing and coloring 247

Play Dough Recipe 248

No Cook Play Dough Recipe 248

Suggested things to make to make with modelling clay or play dough 249

Nursery rhymes and songs 250

Examples of some nursery rhymes or songs that mothers can teach to their children 250

Days of the Week 250

Some rhymes specifically for Muslim children 253

Short stories for children 255

Kindergarten and its importance in education 256

How to choose a suitable daycare/nursery school for your child

………………………………………………………………………………………     259

Teachers’ qualifications 259

Location 259

Size 260

Building 260

Play rooms and gardens 260

Health and psychological services 260

Health and safety concerns 260

Is it the role of the nursery school or kindergarten to teach the child how to read and write? 261

Preparing the child to read and write in kindergarten 262

Preparing the child for reading 262

Parties and trips 263

Dramatic play 263

Telling stories 263

Alphabet games 263

Puppets 264

Preparing children to write 264

Examples of activities that develop the child’s skills and help him get ready to write 264

Common childhood illnesses 266

Common cold 266

Precautions to avoid spreading viruses 266

Taking care of a child with a cold 267

When should you call the doctor? 267

Influenza (flu) 268

Is it a cold or flu? 269

Influenza 270

How you can protect yourself and others 270

Diarrhoea and dehydration 271

Most children suffer from occasional bouts of diarrhoea 271

Causes of diarrhoea 271

Symptoms that may accompany diarrhoea 272

Dehydration 272

Symptoms of dehydration 272

Treating dehydration 273

Preparing 1 (one) Litre solution using Salt, Sugar and Water at Home 273

10 Things you should know about rehydrating a child 274

Healthy nutrition for your child 275

Infants 275

Older children 275

Prevention of diarrhoea 275

The danger of kissing your small child on his mouth 277

Food allergies 278

Anaphylactic shock 278

What should I do if my toddler seems to be having a severe allergic reaction? 279

What can I do for my child who has a food allergy? 280

Foods that children are most commonly allergic to 281

What should I do if my child has an allergy to milk? 281

Treating food allergies 281

Asthma 282

Chickenpox 283

Poliomyelitis 285

Ways in which polio is transmitted 285

Incubation period 286

Symptoms of polio 286

Prevention and treatment 286

Whooping cough (pertussis) 286

Incubation period 287

Symptoms of whooping cough 287

Most serious complications of whooping cough 287

Measles 288

Incubation period 288

Symptoms of measles 288

Prevention and treatment 289

Rubella (German measles) 289

Incubation period 289

Symptoms of German measles 290

Prevention and treatment 290

Rheumatic fever 290

Causes of rheumatic fever 290

Is rheumatic fever a hereditary disease? 291

Is rheumatic fever contagious? 291

Symptoms of rheumatic fever 291

Blood tests for diagnosis of rheumatic fever 291

Prevention and treatment 292

Diphtheria 293

Incubation period 293

Symptoms of diphtheria 293

Complications of diphtheria 294

Prevention and treatment 294

Accident prevention 296

Keeping your child safe from accidents 296

Prevention of poisoning 296

The most common substances that could lead to poisoning in children 297

Prevention of choking and suffocation 298

Prevention of broken bones and falls from high places 299

Prevention of fire and electric shock 300

First Aid for children 301

First Aid for poisoning 301

First aid for burns 302

First Aid for first and second degree burns 303

First Aid for third and fourth degree burns 303

Chemical burns 303

First Aid for breaks and fractures 304

First Aid for near drowning 305

First Aid for wounds and bleeding 306

First Aid for bites and stings 306

Snake bites 307

Insect bites and stings 307

First Aid for eye injuries 308

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